Solar panels (also referred as “PV panels”) is a device which absorbs sun’s rays and converts them into solar energy or heat. It consists of particles of energy called “photons”, into electricity which is used as a power of electrical loads.
Solar panels are often used for a variety of applications including telecommunications equipment, remote power systems for cabins, remote sensors, and in fact for the assembly of electricity by commercial and residential solar electric systems.
The solar panel consists of a solar plate which is combined with many other components.
The main components of the solar panel include:
- Combiner box or junction box
- Module optimizer
- Battery bank
- Charge controller
Types of Solar Panel
There are many types of solar panels and every type has its unique advantage and disadvantage. The solar panel type best fitted to your installation will depend upon factors specific to your desired system characteristic and your property. Here are some major types of solar panel:
Monocrystalline Solar Panels
Monocrystalline solar panels are usually supposed to a premium solar products. The most advantages of monocrystalline panels are sleeker aesthetics and higher efficiencies. Monocrystalline solar panels possess a black color.
To make solar cells for monocrystalline solar panels, silicon is made into bars and dig wafers. These types of panels are called “monocrystalline” to point that the silicon used is single-crystal silicon, because the cell consists only of one crystal, electrons generate a flow of electricity that has more than one room to move. Monocrystalline solar panels are High efficiency/performance and Aesthetics but it is too expensive.
Polycrystalline Solar Panels
Polycrystalline solar panels usually have lower efficiencies and lower costs. additionally, polycrystalline solar panels possess a blue color. Polycrystalline solar panels are made up of silicon. However, rather than employing a single crystal of silicon, manufacturers melt many fragments of silicon together to make the wafers for the panel. Polycrystalline solar panels are also named “multi-crystalline,” or many-crystal silicon because there are many crystals in each cell, that’s why there’s less freedom for the electrons to move. As a result, polycrystalline solar panels have low cost and lower efficiency/performance.
Thin-film panels are made up of many materials. The foremost prevalent sort of thin-film solar panel is formed from cadmium telluride (CdTe). In the thin-film panels, producers place a layer of (CdTe) between transparent conducting layers that help to absorb sunlight. This type of thin-film technology also features a glass layer on protection.
Thin-film solar panels also can be made up of amorphous silicon (a-Si). Thin-film panels use silicon in their structure, which is not made from solid silicon wafers. Relatively, they’re composed of non-crystalline silicon placed on top of plastic, glass, or metal.
How Do Solar Panels Work?
When photons hit a photovoltaic cell, they make electrons loose from their atoms. If conductors are attached to the negative and positive sides of a cell, it forms a circuit. When electrons pass through a circuit, they produce electricity. Multiple cells structure a solar panel, and multiple panels (modules) are often wired together to make a solar battery. The more panels you’ll deploy, the more energy you’ll expect to produce.
Benefits of Installing Solar Panel:
Using solar panels may be a very practical way to generate electricity for several applications. The purpose would have to be off-grid living. Living off-grid means living in a location that’s not serviced by the electric utility grid. Cabins and Remote homes are more benefited by solar panel systems, it is not necessary to pay huge fees for the installation of electrical cabling and utility poles from the closest main grid access point. A solar electric system is less expensive and it provides power for upwards of three decades if it is properly maintained.
Besides the fact that solar panels make it possible to measure off-grid, the best benefit that you would enjoy from the utilization of solar energy is that it’s both a renewable and clean source of energy. With the arrival of worldwide global climate change, it’s become more important that we do whatever we will scale back the pressure on our atmosphere from the emission of greenhouse gases. Solar panels haven’t any moving parts and need little maintenance. They’re ruggedly built and last for many years when properly maintained.
Last, but not least, of the advantages of solar panels and solar energy is that, once a system has purchased its initial installation costs, the electricity it produces for the rest of the system’s lifespan, which might be the maximum amount as 15-20 years counting on the standard of the system, is completely free! For grid-tie solar energy system owners, the advantages start from the instant the system comes online and eliminating monthly electric bills.
Installation of solar panels in homes always helps in reducing the heat and fighting the harmful emissions of greenhouse gases. Solar panels don’t cause any sort of pollution and are clean. They also decrease our reliance on fossil fuels.
These days, solar panels are utilized in wide-ranging electronic equipment like calculators, which work as long as sunlight is out there.
However, the sole major drawback of solar panels is that they’re quite costly. Also, solar panels are installed outdoors as they have sunlight to urge charged. If you are looking for solar panel installations you can contact us right now.